In this modern world, logistics cover a wide range of areas. This logistics is based on systematic trucks and that has led to success. The development process of civilian trucks is helping military trucks. However, they need peculiar features for this. The major requirements of a military logistics truck are high transport performance, reliability, protection, and tactical mobility. The general lifespan of a military truck is about 10-20 years.
Compared to the output levels of huge factories, trucks have a low military demand. Therefore, when the question of requirements and specifications of the military vehicles arises, the starting point will be represented by the development levels and standards for the civilian sector.
Based on the use and adaptations, military logistics trucks are mainly categorized into three. Those which require only minor adaptations are known as commercial trucks and the military departments use them in the same way as the civilian market. The requirements for these trucks will be mostly high mileage for the well-organized supply routes. There is no need for protection against blast or ballistic threats. Therefore, buying and operating commercial trucks are cost-effective.
The next category is known to be commercially available vehicles, which require extensive adaptation for various military requirements. Their specification will include specific military equipment. These specifications can be mountings for equipment, raised and robust underbodies, etc. These vehicles can be used on public roads with no restrictions.
Militarized vehicles are the third category. They are designed and made from scratch to meet different military requirements. Manufacturers use tested parts and components for their production. This will avoid risks in the development process, enhance reliability, and decrease the cost of production. The vehicles in this category focus on protecting the military crew from potential threats on the front line.
When compared to the supply of logistics trucks in the civilian market, the production volume is very low for military trucks. Therefore, the design framework of the modern military trucks is largely based on the technical development of the huge array of trucks as well as from experience from commercially-run vehicles. As part of the upgrades of the existing models, technical improvements and innovations are frequently introduced, but the time interval still remains longer.
In contrast, most military vehicles require a planned service life of about twenty years and they usually stay in service for more than that. They won’t even reach the mileage levels of their counterparts in the civilian market.
Most truck manufacturers have dedicated special branches for the design and development of military trucks. They usually utilize modular construction kits along with units and components that are known for their proven service to satisfy military requirements. Standardization and modularisation have a positive impact on the extensive applicability and simplification of logistics.
The limits of physical science play an important role in the mobility of modern military vehicles. Modularisation and digitalization help to meet various military requirements individually. Manufacturers make use of their expertise in the production of heavy-duty civilian trucks for the assembling of military trucks.